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The Arc de Triomphe is one of the types of architectural monuments representing the most solemnly designed arch. Triumphal arches are placed at the entrance to the city or at the end of the streets, on bridges, on the main roads in honor of the winners or to commemorate important events. Triumphal arches appeared in ancient Rome, for ceremony welcoming the winner at the entrance to the city.

Arc de Triomphe

Arc de Triomphe "Mangilik yel"

Arc de Triomphe "Mangilik yel" opened in Astana on 16 December 2011. The arch was designed by Sagyndyk Zhambolatov and artictect Kanat Kurganov. The height of the arch - 20 meters, as a symbol of the 20th anniversary of independence of the country, the width - 13 meters. At the top of the arch is provided an observing area and on the top of the arch there is a script "Mangilik yel". The arch is decorated with Kazakh ornament. In the niches facades installed bronze sculptures elder, sage, mothers, medieval and modern warrior Batyr. Their height is 4.4 meters. On the side of arched niches on both sides have a copy of "Tai-proved" the mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi. External facing of arch is made of granite and marble, and it is worth noting that beige marble was used for the first time. The Arc de Triomphe is surrounded by auto road, and for the convenience of visitors underground passage is designed, which brings you to the square and parking escaping road .
Moscow Triumphal Gate

Moscow Triumphal Gate

Triumphal Arch in Moscow was established in honor of the victory of the Russian people in the Patriotic War of 1812. The construction of the building lasted 5 years in the period between 1829-1834. It should be noted that wooden arch was initiated and built in 1814 to meet the Russian troops victory. Architects and sculptors of the buildings were Joseph Bové, Ivan Petrovich Vitali, Ivan Timofeyevich Timofeyev. In 1936, a triumphal arch were demolished in connection with the reconstruction of the square near the Belorussky railway station to expand the road. In 1966 it was decided to restore the arch, but at a new location (Kutuzovsky Prospekt). Construction lasted 2 years, 6 November 1968 the construction of the Triumphal Arch in Moscow was finished. Triumphal arch consist of 12 cast iron 12-meter columns weighing 16 tons. The height of the Arc de Triomphe - 28 meters
Arc de Triomphe in Paris

Arc de Triomphe in Paris

Napoleon Bonaparte ordered the construction of the arch at the top of his military glory - in 1806, after the Battle of Austerlitz, where he routed the Russian-Austrian army. The arch was built in antique style, symbolizing the connection of Napoleon's empire and Rome. But, the fortune has turned against Napoleon and France lost the war, construction works on the arch were frozen - construction lasted for 30 years until 1836. The construction of arch was finished after Napoleon’s death. His coffin was solemnly carried through arch during the reburial in 1840. Subsequently, through it passed victorious armies both French and enemy more than once. Today it is used during military parades and other ceremonies. Architecture The Arc de Triomphe has not only a historical and symbolic value, but also it is a wonderful monument of architecture, majestic and harmonious. It is distinguished by impressive dimensions (height - 49 m, width 44 m, a set of 29 m) and with marvelous and rich decorations. Arch is surrounded by 100 granite pedestals connected by chains - after 100 days of Napoleon, between his escape from Elba and the final defeat at Waterloo .
Arc de Triomphe in Barcelona

Arc de Triomphe in Barcelona

Тhe Arc de Triomphe was built in 1888, due to the Universal Exhibition EXPO-1888, as the main entrance and the decoration as a guide for visitors arriving from all over the world. to the exhibition. The architect Giuseppe Vilaseca built the triumphal arch. The arch is made of red bricks, and 30 meters of height. The arch is decorated with sculptures, at the top of the arch you can see Spain coat of arms and each facade is decorated with coat of arms of various provinces of Spain throughout the arc .
Moscow Triumphal Arch in St. Petersburg

Moscow Triumphal Arch in St. Petersburg

Moscow Triumphal Gate - triumphal arch, erected in 1834-1838 in St. Petersburg by V.P. Stassov’s design in honor of the victory of the Russian-Turkish War (1828-1829 ). It is located at the intersection of Moscow and Ligovsky prospects at Moskovskie Vorota Square. Traditionally, there was an inscription composed by Emperor I Nikolai: «Victorious Russian troops in memory feats in Persia, Turkey and the pacification of Poland in 1826, 1827, 1828, 1829, 1830, 1831". In 1936, Moscow gates were dismantled in order to implement the idea of transferring the center to the south near the House of Soviets on Moscow square. In 1959-1960. gates have been restored in the same place in 1936 as the embodiment of historical and architectural monument (architects E. Petrova and I.G Kaptsyug). In May 1965, the area at the gates of Moscow was renamed in Moscow. In October 1968, historic name was restored - the square known as Moscow Gates. The Gates - the world's largest architectural structure, assembled from cast iron parts. Door height of 24 meters, length 36 meters. Column height - 15 meters, diameter of columns - 2 meters .
Narva Triumphal Arch

Narva Triumphal Arch

Narva Gate was built in honor of the victory over the French in the War of 1812 The height of the Narva Gate was 23 meters, and together with the sculpture of the Victory - a monument to 30. The width - 28 meters. The width of the arch - more than 8 meters, it raised arch 15 meters. Height Column - 10 m, diameter - 1 m. The project designed by the architect Vassily Stassov. Generally, he retained the idea Quarenghi and the end of August 1827 on the anniversary of the Battle of Borodino,the first stone was laid due to Borodino Battle anniversary. .The peculiarity of the new Narva gate was in its constructions, that was made from bricks and and was sheated with copper sheets. Sculptural ensemble was formed from copper sheets: Six horses (sculptor Pyotr Karlovich Klodt) and the figure of Fame (the sculptor Stepan Pimenov) .
Arch of Titus

Arch of Titus

Arch of Titus is one of the first arch, which served as a model for many other triumphal arches in the world. Arch of Titus – one spanned arch, which is located in the ancient Sacred Way. It was built by Domitian younger brother Titus after the death of Titus in 81 AD in honour of the victory Titus troops in the capture of Jerusalem in AD 70. The height of the monument is 15.4 m, width 13.5 m, depth 4.75 m span, span the width - 5.33 m. Part of the triumphal arch of Titus, located above the main cornice, has a height of 440 cm. On the eastern side of the arch there is an inscription, which says that the arch dedicated to Titus and Vespasian. In the Middle Ages, when the Arch of Titus has served as a defensive tower, due to this a lot of sculptures were lost that adorned the outer sides of the arch. In the XIX century the outside of the arch was decided to renovate. The restoration was done by the architect Giuseppe Valadier 1821. The architect used instead of travertine marble, in order to deliberately mark restored to them the details that led to a significant difference in comparison with the ancient original .

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